European Society of Toxicologic Pathology (ESTP)
    European Society of Toxicologic Pathology
GTP meeting 2000: Case No 15
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Species: Mouse
Strain/breeder: C57BL / 6N (Crl Br) Charles River
Sex: Female
Age: 39 Weeks
Study type: 2-generation study
Treatment: 2 x 2 Gy x-ray irradiation
Animal status: Unscheduled death, killed moribund
Clinical findings: 30 mm s.c. nodule, dorso-lateral back (microchip implantation site)
Organ: -
s.c. firm, pale white nodule embedding microchip
Staining: H&E
Brand KG, Johnson KH, Buoen LC (1976) Foreign body tumorigenesis. CRC Crit Rev Toxicol 4: 353-394
Blanchard KT, Barthel C, French JE, Holden HE, Moretz R, Pack FD, Tennant RW, Stoll RE (1999) Transponder-induced sarcoma in the heterozygous p53+/- mouse. Toxicol Pathol 27: 519-527
Tillmann T, Kamino K, Dasenbrock C, Ernst H, Kohler M, Morawietz G, Campo E, Cardesa A, Tomatis L, Mohr U (1997) Subcutaneous soft tissue tumours at the site of implanted microchips in mice. Exp Toxic Pathol 49: 197-200
Case 15, Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (91k)

Case 15, Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (90k)



Aim of the study
In a long-term study using 2554 mice, the possible influence of parental radiation exposure on tumour development in the descendants was investigated. Female mice (C57/BL) were treated once by X-radiation two weeks prior to mating with untreated males (C3H), while the F1 descendants (B6C3F1) were either left untreated to observe the con-sequences of the preconceptual radiation exposure per se, or exposed to cyclosporine A. To guarantee clear and distinctive identification and to secure the individual parental origin of each mouse in the F1 generation, individually coded transponders (microchips) were implanted (s.c.) in all animals.

Materials & methods
The battery-free implantable micro-identification device (2 x 12 mm) contains an encoded microchip and a spool in a cylindrical glass capsule coated with a polypropylene cap on one side. Prepacked in the lumen of a sterile needle, they were injected subcutaneously in the dorsolateral back of the mice.

In single animals of this ongoing study, circumscribed subcutaneous nodules occurred at the site of implanted microchips. A firm, pale white nodule, up to 30 mm in diameter, completely embedding the microchip completely was found in a 39-weeks-old female C57BL mouse. Revealing a mixed histological appearance, the mesenchymal origin of the tumour cells was suspected by routine H&E staining and further immunohistochemical stainings are being performed to characterize this neoplasm.

Researchers/pathologists must be aware of foreign body tumorigenesis (microchip-induced neoplasms) possibly complicating the interpretation of data from carcinogenicity studies.

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